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Species:
Proales minima (Montet, 1915)
Valid Name:
There is no data to display.
Parent taxa:             Genus / Family / Order / Superorder / Subclass / Class
Proales: Proalidae: Ploima: Pseudotrocha: Monogononta: Eurotatoria
Taxonomic / nomenclatural notes:
There is no data to display.
Nomenclatural status:
name in current use
Species group name declinable:
yes
Validity:
valid
Taxon Rank:
Species
Availability:
available
Original Combination:
Pleurotrocha minima
Original Spelling:
Pleurotrocha minima
Latest Revision:
De Smet, W H (1996): Guides to the identification of the microinvertebrates of the continental waters of the world Vol. 9: 102
Page last modified on: 21.04.2013 by C.D. Jersabek
Original description
 
Montet, G (1915): Revue Suisse de Zoologie 23
p.323, pl.13, figs.33a-d
Montet, G (1915): Revue Suisse de Zoologie 23 p.323, pl.13, figs.33a-d
Literature documentations
 
Harring, H K;F J Myers (1924): Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters 21
Harring, H K;F J Myers (1924): Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters 21
Displaying items 1 - 1 of 7
Observation images
 
Image courtesy of ANSP (Jersabek et al. 2003) [Ref.15798]; female, lateral view
 Image courtesy of ANSP (Jersabek et al. 2003) <a href='../../Reference/Index/15798' target='_blank'>[Ref.15798]</a>; female, lateral view
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Buhmann, D, 1981 Institut für Zoologie  
De Smet, W H, 1996 Guides to the identification of the microinvertebrates of the continental waters of the world9 
Donner, J, 1952 Die Tierwelt der Gewächshäuser4Proales minima (Montet, 1915)
Harring, H K;F J Myers, 1924 Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters21
Jersabek, C D, 1996 Berichte der naturwissenschaftlich-medizinischen Vereinigung Salzburg11Proales minima (Montet, 1915)
Jersabek, C D, 2003 Bishop Museum Occasional Papers74Proales minima (Montet, 1915)
Jersabek, C D;E Bolortsetseg, 2010 Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia159Proales minima (Montet, 1915)
Jersabek, C D;H Segers;B J Dingmann, 2003 The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, Special Publications20Proales minima (Montet, 1915)
Koste, W, 1976 Osnabrücker naturwissenschaftliche Mitteilungen4 
Montet, G, 1915 Revue Suisse de Zoologie23
Wiszniewski, J, 1934 Annales Musei Zoologici Polonici10
Displaying items 1 - 11 of 11
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Displaying items 0 - 0 of 0
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Displaying items 0 - 0 of 0
IUILocality(sorted ascending)
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  Bottom sediments (littoral sand, cobble, gravel) / Lake, freshwater (alpine, ultraoligotrophic)21.09.1991Literature / - / Published Information130
L
  - / -01.01.1900Literature / - / Published Information1154
L
  Open water (tychoplanktonic) / Lake, freshwater (oligotrophic)15.11.2013CJ unpubl. / - / Unpublished Information, own observations (CJ)1
F
  Stream bottom: POM (sand, gravel) / Stream, freshwater22.08.2005Expedition, Literature / - / Published Information2308
L
  Moss (submersed) / Spring, rheocrene05.08.2005EX_Mon / 2005 / Mongolia2048
C
  Moss (submersed) / Stream, freshwater08.08.2005EX_Mon / 2005 / Mongolia2048
C
  Moss (submersed) / Stream, freshwater08.08.2005Expedition, Literature / - / Published Information1
L
  Stream bottom: POM (sand, gravel) / Stream, freshwater11.08.2005Expedition, Literature / - / Published Information1
L
  Open water (tychoplanktonic) / Pond, freshwater02.07.2014CJ unpubl. / - / Unpublished Information, own observations (CJ)1
F
  Moss (submersed) / Stream, freshwater (lowland)04.04.2001Expedition, Literature / - / Published Information2308
L
  Stream bottom: periphyton, and POM / Stream, freshwater (lowland)04.04.2001Expedition, Literature / - / Published Information2308
L
  Stream bottom: POM (sand, gravel, mud) / Stream, freshwater (alpine)01.08.2010EX_Gletscherbäche / 2010 / Austria, Hohe Tauern (Alps)130
F
  - / Pond, freshwater (dystrophic)01.01.1915Collection, Literature / - / Specimen preparations including published info2048
C
  Psammolittoral / Lake, freshwater04.08.1941Collection, Literature / - / Specimen preparations including published info2048
C
  Moss (Sphagnum wheeleri, peat moss) / Peat bog (montane)05.04.2001Expedition, Literature / - / Published Information2308
L
  Macrophytes (Hippuris dominant) / Stream, freshwater30.08.2006Expedition, Literature / - / Published Information1
L
  Psammolittoral / Lake, freshwater (alpine, ultraoligotrophic)22.09.1991Literature / - / Published Information130
L
  - / -12.03.1914Collection / - / Specimen preparations2048
C
  Algae, filamentous / Lake, freshwater (dystrophic, montane)16.04.2001Expedition, Literature / - / Published Information2052
L
  Floating meadow (periphyton) / Lake, freshwater (dystrophic, montane)16.04.2001Expedition, Literature / - / Published Information2052
L
Displaying items 1 - 20 of 20
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ANSP 0597 Proales minima (Montet, 1915)
Orig.Id.: Proales minima (Montet, 1915)
 female1 
USNM 40032 Proales minima (Montet, 1915)
Orig.Id.: Proales minima (Montet, 1915)
 female1 
ANSP 1748 Proales minima (Montet, 1915)
Orig.Id.: Proales minima (Montet, 1915)
 female1 
NUM 0019 Proales minima (Montet, 1915)
Orig.Id.: Proales minima (Montet, 1915)
 females2 
CDJ UB010 Proales minima (Montet, 1915)
Orig.Id.: Proales minima (Montet, 1915)
 females2 
ANSP 1985 Proales minima (Montet, 1915)
Orig.Id.: Proales minima (Montet, 1915)
 females4 
Displaying items 1 - 6 of 6
Geographical Range:
Disjunct range, including Holarctic and Pacific (Hawaii) regions.
Macrohabitat:
Lake, freshwater; Lake, freshwater (alpine, ultraoligotrophic); Lake, freshwater (dystrophic, montane); Lake, freshwater (oligotrophic); Peat bog (montane); Pond, freshwater; Pond, freshwater (dystrophic); Pool, freshwater; Spring, rheocrene; Stream, freshwater; Stream, freshwater (alpine); Stream, freshwater (lowland);
Microhabitat:
Algae, filamentous; Bottom sediments (littoral sand, cobble, gravel); Floating meadow (periphyton); Macrophytes (Hippuris dominant); Moss (Sphagnum wheeleri, peat moss); Moss (submersed); Open water (tychoplanktonic); Psammolittoral; Stream bottom: periphyton, and POM; Stream bottom: POM (sand, gravel); Stream bottom: POM (sand, gravel, mud);
Temperature:
5.70°C to 21.60°C, avg=12.72°C, n=12
Redox:
-118.00mV to -41.00mV, avg=-70.00mV, n=4
Oxygen:
5.80mg/l to 9.42mg/l, avg=7.58mg/l, n=5
Conductivity:
6.00µs/cm to 390.00µs/cm, avg=158.83µs/cm, n=12
Saturation:
59.90% to 120.80%, avg=80.76%, n=5
TDS:
122.00mg/l to 188.00mg/l, avg=150.00mg/l, n=5
PH:
4.00 to 8.95, avg=7.17, n=13
Salinity:
0.10ppt to 0.20ppt, avg=0.18ppt, n=5
Ecology summary:
Benthic and periphytic stagnant and running freshwater; also in peat bogs; among submerged moss (incl. Sphagnum), in limno– and potamopsammal; eurythermic, psammophile. NB: A single record (not illustrated) from coastal brackish waters requires confirmation (Jersabek & Bolortsetseg, 2010) [Ref.18457].
Food:
 
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NearctisNA4 AlleghanyNorth AmericaUnited States of AmericaPennsylvaniaMonroe Co.
Nearctis- n.s. -- n.s. -- n.s. -- n.s. -- n.s. -
PacificHawaiianPacific (Oceania)United States of America (Hawaii)HawaiiMaui Co.
Pacific- n.s. -- n.s. -- n.s. -- n.s. -- n.s. -
PalaearctisP2 SiberianAsiaMongoliaArhangaiÖgiynuur soum
PalaearctisP2 SiberianAsiaMongoliaHövsgölTsagaannuur soum
PalaearctisP2 SiberianAsiaMongoliaUvsTes soum
PalaearctisP1 EuropeanEuropeAustriaKärntenBezirk Spittal a.d. Drau
PalaearctisP1 EuropeanEuropeAustriaOberösterreichBezirk Gmunden
PalaearctisP1 EuropeanEuropeAustriaSalzburgPinzgau
PalaearctisP1 EuropeanEuropeCzech RepublicJihomoravský kraj (South Moravia)Okres Breclav
PalaearctisP1 EuropeanEuropeSwitzerlandSwitzerland - n.o.s. -Switzerland - n.o.s. -
Palaearctis- n.s. -- n.s. -- n.s. -- n.s. -- n.s. -
Displaying items 1 - 13 of 13